The role of collective action between enterprises in the design, implementation and dissemination of technological, organizational and commercial innovations was highlighted as early as the 1980s. Later, works on open innovation gave new impetus to the conceptualization of collaborative innovation. This can be analyzed through inter-organizational relations dedicated to the joint development of innovation. This approach involves the combination of knowledge, technology, and other resources across the boundaries of an organization or a national economy. Collaborative innovation is an organizational process that integrates a variety of public and private actors, sometimes in the form of communities that create, share and disseminate different knowledge.
Many works offer a variety of perspectives on the dynamics of collaborative innovation in industrial countries, driven by a certain tradition of innovation. This special issue of Innovations, Revue d’Economie et de Management de l’Innovation is dedicated to the study of the specificities of initiatives implemented in emerging countries in Europe (Romania) and Africa (Burkina-Faso, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia).