Research Programming: Easy, but Impossible

By Michel Claessens

Research programming is a relatively new concept, at least on a large scale, whose origins can be dated precisely. This paper addresses some issues related to research programming, in particular the role of scientists, the contribution of European programs, and politicians’ involvement. Some comments on the social and societal control of technoscience are offered, and questions at the heart of the debate are raised, including: Is controlling progress meaningful and if so, in what direction? In a society that relies so closely on science and technology (and does this so undemocratically), is preparing and adapting ourselves to their advancement the only option? JEL codes: O20, O30, O31, O32, O33, O38


  • programming
  • science-society
  • science governance
  • European programs
  • research policy
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