Marxism analyzes work dryly as the cruel dead-end of man-by-man exploitation. In reality, work is a deep and complex concept. Furthermore, the sacrosanct clear-cut division between work and capital is fading away. In addition, the division of labor is not specific to capitalism but to the industrial logic. Value depends on how much a good is desired, irrespective of the amount of work that produced it. Finally, talent, or the ability to seize and take advantage of the Zeitgeist, enhances the value of goods. In the end, applied scientific socialism changed the exploitation of man by man into its very opposite.
By Rémy Volpi