Labor as a Good in a Transition Economy:

The Case of Bulgaria
By Evguénia Draganova-Madelaine

Bulgaria, a candidate for admission to the European Community in 2007, has seen fundamental transformations since the fall of communism in 1989. The political changes and structural reforms (privatization, establishment of a free enterprise economy, etc.) have deeply disrupted society, which has since known unemployment, falling purchasing power, extensive impoverishment, and increased inequalities. Individualism is spreading, and the ostentatious display of wealth by the newly rich is deemed a virtue. The working population has now adopted new attitudes about work, mostly linked to its remuneration. Workers, who before 1989, considered that assiduity meant well-being, are falling in numbers. Today, all of them give priority to salary and job security.


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