By Claude Paraponaris, Anne Rohr
We aim to propose a typological analysis of the regulation of scientific creative commons from the linguistic codification activity. We analyze the commons since the point of view of the communities’ work. We point the apparent homogeneity of the epistemic communities that support these commons. This leads to a questioning about the homogeneity of the “community”. We proceed, on the one hand, by means of a comparison between different research programs developed in the sociology of science and politics, on the other hand, by conducting a sociolinguistic analysis of the lexical statements resulting from the self-presentations of 23 creative commons. This critical analysis leads to segmenting all the groups that develop these commons into two families: communities with a stable and regular profile and scientific aims, and collectives with an abundant and unstable profile and with a view to social transformation.
JEL Codes: D83, O32, Z13