The Role of Military And Security R&D in the New European Strategic Objective: Some Lessons Learned from the United States of America

By Luc Mampaey


US defense contractors are the main recipients of public R&D spending. This article offers an empirical demonstration of the preponderance of military oriented R&D investments during the period 1955–“2005. It underscores the high opportunity costs and crowding-out effects of these choices, and draws attention to the lessons that should be learned from the American experience given the institutional developments of the European Union in the field of defense and security.


  •  research and development
  • military innovation
  • institutions
  • spin-off
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