Vocational Block-Release Training as a Form of Solidarity Clock: From Past to Present
By François Mambi-el-Sendegele
Vocational block-release training was born along with capitalism and grew alongside it. Historically, the parallels are striking. Apprenticeship first started with tutelage and a normalizing approach. A second insertion-oriented approach appeared in the mid-1970s, a time of persistent unemployment. Finally, a third step developed in the 1990s with an orientation known as "human resources management."